The Civil Defence, Immigration and Prisons Service Board (CDIPB) was established by Decree No. 14 of July, 1986 as the ’Customs, Immigration and Prisons Services Board’ under the Chairmanship of the Honourable Minister of Internal Affairs. The Board was charged with the responsibility of administering the Customs and Excise Management Act (CEMA) of 1958, the Immigration Act of 1963 and the Prisons Act of 1972. In addition, it was given the exclusive responsibility for the appointment, promotion and discipline of all officers of the affected services except their Comptroller-Generals whose appointment is a prerogative of Mr. President.
However in 1992, the Nigeria Customs Service was detached from the Board and placed under the supervision of the Federal Ministry of Finance, thus changing its name to the ’Immigration and Prisons Service Board’ (IPB). With the enactment of the Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Act in June 2003, which placed the administration of the new organization in the Board, its name changed to the ’Civil Defence, Immigration and Prisons Services Board’ (CDIPB).
Recently, in March 2011 the supervision of the Federal Fire Service (FFS) was placed under the charge of the Board, hence its new name as the Civil Defence, Fire, Immigration and Prisons Services Board (CDFIPB). The staff strength of the Board is One hundred and three (103) personnel inclusive of the two Honourable Commissioners. Most of the senior and management staff of the Board, including its Director/Secretary who is the accounting officer are drawn from the pools of the Office of the Head of Service and the Accountant-General of the Federation, while a few others are deployed from the ministry. All junior officers are direct employees of the Board.